A.J. Murphy is a doctoral candidate in history at Columbia University, specializing in twentieth century U.S. political economy, the history of social science, and military history. Murphy received their B.A. in social studies from Harvard University and an M.A. and M.Phil. from Columbia University. Their research has been supported by the U.S. Army Center of Military History, the Hagley Museum and Library, Harvard Business School, the Hoover Institution, and the Lyndon B. Johnson Foundation. A.J is the 2018-19 recipient of the Jefferson-Hagley Library Dissertation Fellowship in Business and Politics.
Corporatizing Defense: Management Expertise and the Transformation of the Cold War U.S. Military
This dissertation recounts how defense leaders patterned the administration of the military on business enterprise, setting up controls and incentives designed to simulate market forces within the postwar defense bureaucracy. By incorporating techniques emblematic of industrial capitalism - from time and motion studies to professional business education - defense leaders reorganized the military’s internal operations in order to emulate the presumed efficiency of the profit-seeking firm.